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  • ScreeningThe initial evaluation of an individual,to determine errors in language, speech, and processing with regards in suitability for treatment.
  • Treatment - The planning, process, and initiation of care to enhance the diagnostic errors that are identified in a speech evaluation.
  • Evaluationa thorough and critical appraisal of articulation, fluency,and processing of speech that include measurement of standards being evaluated.
  • Language - is made up of socially shared rules that include the following: what words mean, how to make new words, how to put words together, and what word combinations are best in what situations.
  • Speech - is the verbal means of communicating. Speech consists of the following: articulation, voice, and fluency.
  • Voice - characterized by inappropriate pitch (too high, too low, never changing, or interrupted by breaks); quality (harsh, hoarse, breathy, or nasal); loudness, resonance, and duration.
  • Fluency - an interruption in the flow or rhythm of speech characterized by hesitations, repetitions, or prolongations of sounds, syllables, words, or phrases.
  • Articulation - difficulties with the way sounds are formed and strung together, usually characterized by substituting one sound for another (wabbit for rabbit), omitting a sound (han for hand), and distorting a sound (ship for sip).
  • Oral Motor Therapy – Oral motor disorders are the inability to use the oral mechanism for functional speech or feeding, include chewing, blowing, or making specific sounds. These include oral apraxia, verbal apraxia, and dysarthria.
  • Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) - the inability to understand spoken language in the absence of a hearing problem.
  • Receptive Communication - Receptive language disorder is a type of learning disability affecting the ability to understand spoken, and sometimes written, language. Students with receptive language disorders often have difficulty with speech and organizing their thoughts, which creates problems in communicating verbally with others and in organizing their thoughts on paper.
  • Expressive Communication - Expressive Language Disorder is a learning disability affecting communication of thoughts using spoken and sometimes basic written language and expressive written language. This disorder involves difficulty with language processing centers of the brain. Expressive language disorders can result from inherited conditions or may be caused by brain injuries or stroke.
  • Impaired Language Development - characterized by a marked slowness or gaps in the development of language skills.
  • Cognitive Communication - the impairment of cognitive processes including attention, memory, abstract reasoning, awareness, and executive functions (e.g., self-monitoring, planning and problem solving).